Control Panels

Fire alarm control panels are electric panels that are the controlling component of a fire alarm system. The fire alarm panel receives information from environmental sensors designed to detect changes associated with fire. There are four basic types of panels: coded panels, conventional panels, addressable control panels, and multiplex systems. A fire control panel is required under the building code for a majority of new commercial building constructions in most countries.

With an addressable fire alarm system, each smoke or heat sensor and manual call point is coded with a unique address. The control panel is able to communicate with any of the addressable devices by using the address number to define which device it wishes to communicate with. When a detector or manual call point is triggered, the panel will indicate the specific device address that has been activated.

Alarm panel accessories can be incorporated into a fire control panel design to give extra benefits for the users. They make system communication easier to follow from a user's point of view, and come in various forms depending on different needs.

A conventional fire alarm system requires a building to be divided into a number of areas called zones. The detectors and manual call points within each zone are wired on dedicated circuits. When a detector or manual call point is triggered, the panel identifies which circuit contains the triggered device and which zone the fire alarm has come from. It is then necessary to manually search the indicated zone to find the exact cause of the fire alarm.

A Fire Extinguishing Control Panel is designated for fire protection, monitoring and control of systems for active extinguishing – gas, powder, aerosol, water, etc. After processing the signals from the automatic fire detectors and/or manual call points the Control Panel makes commands to the executive devices for extinguishing, sound-light signalers, air conditioning and ventilation devices, etc.

Touchscreen Fire Panels are designed for ease of use and quick access to the control system. All of the information required can be accessed with the touch of a virtual button. Importantly, on-site fire safety workers, engineers, the emergency services and others can use it without specialist knowledge of the system, therefore touchscreen firel panels can be time-saving and cost effective.